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Sugarcane Production




Insect - Pest Management

Disease management


Sugarcane is a gaint crop Producing huge quantity of biomass and therefore its nutrient needs are high. The efficiencies of applied fertilizer nutrients vary greatly depending upon the soil type , climate condtion, variety, management. Higher cane yield and sugar recovery cannot be produced and sustained without adequate amounts of fertilizer nutrients The most important nutrients that must be applied and managed for maximizing productivity are N,P and K and these must be applied on soil test basis. General recommendations of Nitrogen,P & K on soil testing basis :

Nitrogen requirement (Kg/acre)

Plant crop 60

Ratoon crop 90

60 Kg N/acre must be supplied by 130 kg Urea or 240 Kg of CAN, and 90 Kg N/acre can be supplied by 200 kg of urea or 360 kg of CAN

The 1/3 rd dose of N and full dose of P & K is applied at the planting time and the remaining half dose of N in two split dose i.e 1/3 rd at the begining of tillering phase and rest 1/3 rd at the grand growth phase.

In plant crop apply one half dose of nitrogen as top dressed/drill along side the cane rows with first irrigation after germination , top dressed or drilled remaining half close of nitrogen along side the cane rows in the month of May or June.

In ratoon crop top dress 1/3 of nitrogen in the February with the first hoeing,1/3 in month of April and 1/3 in the month of May ,June.

General recomendation is if nitrogen only potash & potassium is recomended only by the soil basis

VII. Water Management

In punjab, about 95 % of the area under sugarcane is irrigated. The pre-monsoon period, i.e April, may and june, is the mostcritical period for the crop in punjab because of extremely hot and dry weather. Irrigations are, therefore essential for the development of crop during this period. Light and frequent irrigations are more beneficial than heavier and fewer irrigations. During the rainy season, adjust the frequency of irrigation according to rainfall. During winter, irrigate the crop at monthly intervals. One irrigation in the middle of december and one irrigation in the first week of january are necessary to save the crop from frost

Moisture conservation measures:

The use of straw mulches, such as cane trash, paddy husk and paddy straw is very effective in conserving moisture, lowering soil temperature, controlling weeds and reducing the incidence of shoot borer, which is a serious pest in hot months of april, may and june from the above mulches, poddy husk is most effective.

Apply 25 -30 quintals of paddy husk, paddy straw or cane trash in between the cane rows in the middle of aprilafter the germination of the crop is completed care should be taken that there is a riniform distribution of straw mulches in the entire field and the surface of the soil should be covered completely .This recommendation is especially useful in the rainfed areas and the areas with a limited water supply. for the irrigated areas also, it is a useful practice, as the farmers are busy harvesting and threshing of wheat during april and may and are unable to find time to irrigate the cane crop This recommendation is of considerable importance under rainfed conditions.

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