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Sugarcane Production in punjab or improved cane production technology in the punjab state

Ecological requirements of sugarcane:

1. Sugarcane is the best suited to the regions having tropical climate but it can also grown on sub-tropical climate.80% growth take place in the month of July , August and September owing to feverable temprature and huminty.

2. It can be grown successfully on all types of soil ranging from sandy loam to clay loam .It is however thrieves best on well drain loamy soils.

Land preparation:

Sugarcane remains in the field for about 2-3 years due to the practice of raising one to two ratoon crops therefore a thorough soil preparation once in 2-3 years is absolutely essential - about 45 mm depth of the soil should be well prepared since about 75% of the sugarcane root system is present at this soil layer moreover, the land preparation is governed by the method of planting to be adopted.Thus one deep ploughing by tractor drawn plough followed by 2-3 shallow ploughing and cross planting is sufficient to keep down the weeds,to incorpoate and help in decomposing organic matter into the soil . hence a well prepared field with addition of organic matter and proper drainage facility would support a healthy sugarcane crop.

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